Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when inflammation puts pressure on the median nerve, which runs through the carpal tunnel. The median nerve provides sensation to your thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers.
A combination of factors may cause swelling in the wrist that results in abnormal pressure on the median nerve. Risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome include:
As carpal tunnel syndrome progresses, the symptoms may increase in frequency and severity. The pain may be so intense that it wakes you from sleep.
First, your doctor will carefully review your symptoms and medical history. We will perform a physical exam and test the feeling and strength in your fingers and hands. We may also take an digital X-ray or perform a nerve conduction study.
With an early diagnosis, many patients find relief from carpal tunnel syndrome without surgery. We may recommend one or more of the following nonsurgical treatments:
If your condition is severe or doesn’t improve with treatment, we may recommend to perform a procedure called carpal tunnel release to relieve pressure on the median nerve.